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40                   HISTORY OF PERSIA                 CHAP,
terms for themselves with his ^rival Panic-stricken,
Hasan wrote hurriedly to Muavia announcing his sub-
mission. He offered to abdicate and make Medina^his
home if granted the contents of the treasury at Kufii and
the revenues of a Persian province ; adding, however, the
further stipulation that the imprecations against his dead
father should cease to form a part of the public prayers*
j Muavia made no difficulty about these terms, except that
[he refused to stop the imprecations against AH, He
undertook, however, to arrange that they should never be
heard by All's son.
Content with this, Hasan, accompanied by his enor-
mous harem, quitted Kufa without regret and passed off
the stage into seclusion at Medina, where he died some
eight years later from poison administered by one of his
wives. Persian tradition represents the crime as instigated
by Muavia, but of this there is no proof; on the contrary,
it was to his interest that the family should continue to
have a harmless voluptuary as its head.                           *
The Death-bed Warning of Muavia to Tczid^ A.H, 61
(680).—On his death-bed Muavia sent a message to
Yezid, his son and destined successor, warning him of
the troubles which lay before him. The message ran, " As
for Husayn, the restless men of Irak will give him no
peace till he attempt the empire ; when thou hast gotten
the victory, deal gently with him, for truly the blood of
the Prophet runneth in his veins* It 5s Abdulla son of
Zobayr that I fear the most for thee* Fierce as the lion,
crafty as the fox, destroy him root and branch," Had
the dying Caliph's advice been followed, the course of
history would have been affected.
The Imitation to Husayn from the Inhabitants of Kufa,—
The news of Muavia's death produced, exactly as that
astute ruler had predicted, a strong feeling at Kufa in
favour of Hasan's younger brother Husayn, who was
now the head of the house of Ali? and letters were written
promising the support of the entire population of Irak, if
he would proceed to Kufa- On a strict view of the case
Husayn put himself entirely in the wrong by listening to
these treasonable overtures; but when all the circum-